REAC - Site Inspection - Walkways/Steps


Passages for walking and the structures that allow for changes in vertical orientation.


This inspectable item can have the following deficiencies:

  • Broken/Missing Hand Railing
  • Cracks/Settlement/Heaving
  • Spalling


Broken/Missing Hand Railing

Deficiency: The handrail is damaged or missing.


Level of Deficiency:


Level 1: N/A

Level 2: N/A

Level 3: The handrail for 4 or more stairs is missing, damaged, loose, or otherwise unusable.




- Visible faults in the pavement: longitudinal, lateral, alligator, etc.

-OR - Pavement that sinks or rises because of the failure of sub-base materials.



  1. Do not include cracks on parking lots/driveways or roads.
  2. For this to be a Level 2 deficiency, 5% of the walkways must be impacted, for example, 50 out of 1,000 square feet.
  3. Relief joints are there by design; do not consider them cracks.
  4. Repaired/sealed cracks should not be considered a deficiency.


Level of Deficiency:


Level 1: N/A

Level 2: Damaged, as defined above, is greater than ¾ inch, hinging/tilting, or

missing section(s) that affect more than 5% of the property's walkways/steps.

Level 3: N/A

Example of repaired hinging/tilting



Level 2: If the walkways or steps could cause tripping or falling, you must

manually record this deficiency under "Hazards (Health and Safety)."



Deficiency: A concrete or masonry walkway is flaking, chipping, or crumbling, possibly exposing underlying reinforcing material. This is a defect if 5% or more of the property's walkways/steps are affected. For example, 50 square feet out of 1,000 square feet.


Note: When observing traffic ability, consider the capacity to support people on foot, in wheelchairs, and using walkers.


Level of Deficiency:

Level 1: More than 5% of the walkway/steps have small areas of spalling, 4 inches by 4 inches or less.

Level 2: More than 5% of the walkway/steps have large areas of spalling, larger than 4 inches by 4 inches, and this affects traffic ability.

Level 3: N/A

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